India will be celebrating the 73rd Independence Day this 15th August. The entire nation will take part in the celebrations of this significant national festival. If you are planning to take short trips to places that may remind you of the sacrifices made by our freedom fighters. Here are the list of places that gives you the patriotic feel and reminds you of the history behind this freedom.
1. Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar
Jallianwala Bagh is the place where one of the most horrific incidents suffered by the Indians at the hands of the British on the 13th of April 1919. The place is a memorial to the men, women and children that lost their lives. At the entrance there is a plaque that shows where the bullets were fired from. When India won independence, the garden was converted into a memorial honour of all the deceased people. You can book Simranjeet Singh tour leader for a guided tour of this place.
2. Red Fort, Delhi
Built in 1639 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, Red Fort is the biggest monument in Delhi aand UNESCO World Heritage Site. This magnificent monument has been an integral part of the freedom struggle. It was where our first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, gave the first Independence Day speech in 1947. It has been continued as Prime Minister still hoists the tri-coloured national flag and addresses the nation on August 15 every year.
3. India Gate, Delhi
India Gate was built in honour of 83,000 British Indian Army soldiers who gave their lives in the First World War and Second Anglo-Afghan War. The walls of India Gate have names of these brave martyrs inscribed on them. The ever glowing Amar Jawan Jyoti was lit up in 1972 in order to pay tribute to the soldiers who sacrificed during the Bangladesh Liberation War.
Nearby to this, there is National War Memorial which you need to visit. This memorial pays homages to martyrs during Indo-Sino war of 1962, Indo-Pak war of 1947, 1965, 1971 and Kargil Conflict of 1999 and other operations.
4. Gandhi Smriti, Delhi
Formerly known as Birla House or Birla Bhawan, is the place where Gandhi Ji spent the last 144 days of his life and was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30th January 1948. It is now a museum dedicated to the father of the nation.
5. Raj Ghat, Delhi
A memorial to the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, Raj Ghat is located on the banks of the river Yamuna. The memorial was built on the spot where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated following his assassination in 1948. Also there are two museums dedicated to the Gandhiji are nearby where you can hear all the stories about this great leader and what all he did to give us our precious Independence.
6. Jhansi Palace, Jhansi
Jhansi Fort also referred as Rani Jhansi ka Quila is an iconic monument symbolising of India’s First War for Independence in the year 1857. The legendary queen of Jhansi, Rani Lakshmi Bai fought bravely with the British when they captured the fort and succumbed to death while fighting for her kingdom. This fort a perfect place to visit on Independence Day.
7. Lucknow Residency, Lucknow
Built during the rule of Nawab Saadat Ali Khan, the British Residency of Lucknow is a famous historical place. This was the place that served as a refuge for 3500 British inhabitants during the time of 1857 revolt. Today, the British Residency of Lucknow serves as a government office. The Residency also has a museum that is well-maintained by the authorities.
8. Netaji Bhawan, Kolkata
Netaji Bhawan is a memorial dedicated to the life of the Indian nationalist Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in Kolkata. The house was built by his father Janakinath Bose in 1909. Netaji has spent his formative days of his life and has lived during the Indian freedom movement. Now, the ancestral home is preserved and managed by Netaji Research Bureau. Also there is a wonderfully organized biographical museum, devoted to the life of Netaji.
9. Cellular Jail, Andaman & Nicobar
Located at Port Blair, Cellular jail also referred as Kala Pani that has witnessed the most barbaric punishments imposed on prisoners. It was built by British in India to exile Indian political prisoners to the remote archipelago. Today the jail is open to public viewing as a National Memorial monument, and its museum gives one a glimpse of years of India’s struggle for freedom. Here one can also see the light and sound show depicting the stories from the past.
10. Aga Khan Palace, Pune
Built in 1892 by Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan III, It is one of the important landmarks during the freedom struggle. This palace was used as a prison to hold many prominent freedom fighters under arrest. During the Quit India Movement in 1945, Mahatma Gandhi, his wife Kasturba Gandhi, his secretary Mahadev Desai and Sarojini Naidu were confined to this palace.
11. Shaheed Minar, Kolkata
Located at Kolkata, Shaheed Minar is a 158-foot monument that was erected in 1828 to honour Sir David Ochter Lony, commander of British India Company. On 1969 it was renamed ‘Saheed Minar’ which means martyrs’ monument to honour the martyrs of the Indian freedom movement.
Various political parties held meetings, rallies and seminars behind the Saheed Minar including a historic meeting presided by Rabindranath Tagore in 1931 over the killing of two unarmed young men by the British in a nearby detention camp. There is a lot to see and do, you can hire Anirban Dey on the Odigos app is recommended to get make the most of your time.
12. Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad
Mahatma Gandhi built this Ashram after his return from South Africa and lived here in between 1917 and 1930. Apparently, this site was chosen as it was between a jail and a cemetery and according to the Mahatma, any non-violent supporter of India’s freedom struggle was bound to be in either of those places. The room where Gandhi spent his days has been preserved and a museum offers a glimpse into his life and teachings.
13. Dandi March, Dandi
Located near Surat, Dandi is the production centre of salt in India. It is here when Mahatma Gandhi started the famous Dandi March in the year 1930 as to protest against the imposition of a tax on salt. The place holds important historic importance and is an important landmark in India’s struggle for independence.
If you are planning to visit any of these places, then do check out the Odigos App. They have some of the best tour guides and curated experiences. You can write to firstname.lastname@example.org or call on +91 124-4610699 for more information. We will get back to you within 24 hours.